In accounting, EBITDA stands for “Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization”. When companies publish their financial statements, the most important metric for investors is the company’s income, which is calculated as the company’s revenue minus all its expenses. Some companies also publish their EBITDA, which, these companies usually claim, provides a more true picture of the company’s profitability than the “income” number.
In accounting, an expense is a general term for an outgoing payment made by a business or individual. One specific use of the term in accounting is whether a particular expenditure is classified as an expense, which is reported immediately to the investing public in the business’s income statement; or whether it is classified as a capital expenditure or an expenditure subject to depreciation, which are not. These latter types of expenditures are reported eventually, but not immediately, by business that use accrual-basis accounting, meaning all large businesses.